Even, shiny, dazzling, perfect… VENEERS

Porcelain veneers are among the most recent advances in aesthetic dentistry. The appearance of the front teeth can be brought to perfection using veneers.

When and why?

Veneers are used to improve the appearance of discolored, worn, chipped, or irregularly placed teeth. They can be used to alter tooth color, shape, or length; to close the diastema (a gap between two teeth); and to mask old discolored fillings, fluorosis, or tetracycline teeth. Veneers are placed over living teeth when tooth grinding for a full crown or pulpotomy are not advisable. A tooth with a veneer becomes more firm and durable.

What is veneer?

Veneer is a small porcelain plate 0.5--0.7 mm in thickness that is bonded to the front of a tooth. The front surface of the tooth is restored using porcelain, while the rear surface remains intact. Veneers look very natural, since porcelain absolutely reproduces the milky translucency of the tooth enamel. This material never changes its color. Importantly, the gum color does not change after veneer application as it can happen after metal-ceramic treatment.

How veneer is applied?

First, a thin enamel layer is removed from the front of the tooth. This is less traumatic for the tooth than grinding on all sides in crown restorations. The tooth is covered with a temporary veneer for the period of porcelain veneer fabrication.

The veneer and bonding agent color are selected to exactly match the color of neighboring teeth after blending with the underlying tooth color.

The next step is veneer fabrication. Veneers are produced in our clinical laboratory by qualified dental mechanics. In addition to veneer production, mechanics are involved in the previous steps, which optimizes the aesthetic outcome and matching of veneer color, shape, and size to fit other patient's teeth.

The final step is veneer installation. The adhesive agents attach veneer to dental enamel with a force equal to the bonding force between the enamel and natural dentin.

Importantly, veneers can be fixed on the surface of previously treated teeth. There should be no caries on the tooth surface, i.e., the preceding treatment should halt inflammation.

Veneer care

The porcelain surface of veneers is so smooth that it accumulates almost no dental deposit. Accordingly, veneer care is simpler than natural tooth care.

Veneer properties allow it to withstand masticatory stress; however, their overload is not recommended: avoid cracking nuts and sunflower seeds, biting thread with your teeth, holding a needle in your teeth, opening bottles with your teeth, biting on pens and pencils, using toothpicks, etc.

If a veneer breaks off, it should be replaced with a new one. However, if a minor part breaks off, the damaged part can be polished without veneer replacement.

Are there contraindications of veneers?

Contraindications include:

  • bruxism (grinding of the teeth during sleep);
  • not fully erupted teeth;
  • loss of a major part of dental tissues and a damaged tooth nerve;
  • end-to-end bite and deep overbite (this is a relative contraindication, since orthodontic pretreatment cancels it).

What are advantages of veneers?

Porcelain veneers have clear advantages over other methods of cosmetic dentistry. Teeth look more naturally. Porcelain precisely mimics the properties of the tooth surface layer, enamel.

Veneers never become spotty. Porcelain is a highly smooth and tight material, and its surface never acquire spots, dimness, or discoloration. This material defies wine, tobacco, coffee, and tea.

Veneers securely prevent your teeth from filling fall out.